First contacts at Kurnell
Stage 2 (Years 3-4), History, Kurnell area in Kamay Botany Bay National Park
In 1770, James Cook landed in Botany Bay on board the Endeavour. Directly ashore were the Aboriginal people of the Eora Nation. This Stage 2 (Years 3-4) history excursion will explore the first contact between Aboriginal clans and white settlers.
Read more about First contacts at Kurnell
The first encounter between the crew of the Endeavour and the Eora Nation would dramatically shape the future of our continent.
Your NPWS Aboriginal guide will demonstrate the use of indigenous artefacts. By sharing in bush survival wisdom, students will develop an appreciation of the Dharawal People's connection to Country before white settlement.
Through stories recounted on-site, students will gain perspectives on the British arrival and its impact on Aboriginal culture.
For program outline, safety and practical information about this excursion, see info for teachers
|Stage||Stage 2 (Years 3-4)|
|Key learning area||History|
HT2-3. Describes people, events and actions related to world exploration and its effects
HT2-4. Describes and explains effects of British colonisation in Australia
HT2-5. Applies skills of historical inquiry and communication
Weekdays during school term
- Kurnell Visitor Centre, Kurnell area
- Easy. Guided walk along a sloped unpaved track incorporating a soundscape and a walk along a concrete path. Bushwalks along the other flat trails are a combination of boardwalk and dirt track.
$20 per student for groups of 25 or more. GST included. For smaller groups conditions apply.
- Meeting point
- Meet at Kurnell Visitor Centre, Kamay Botany Bay National Park
- If you would like to organise a NPWS school excursion please get in touch with local staff or use the 'Enquire' link for the online form.
For the latest updates on fires, closures and other alerts in this area, see https://www.nationalparks.nsw.gov.au/education/stage-2-history-first-contacts-kurnell/local-alerts
- School excursion inquiries - Sydney South
- 02 9542 0649
- PO Box 144, Audley NSW 2232
- in the Kurnell area of Kamay Botany Bay National Park in the Sydney and surrounds region
7am–7.30pm August to May. 7am–5.30pm June to July.
Areas may have to close at times due to poor weather or fire danger.
Park entry fees:
$8 per vehicle per day applies in the Kurnell area only. The park has coin-operated pay and display machines - please bring correct coins. The park also has credit card accepting payment facilities.Buy annual pass.
Info for teachers
All the practical information you need to know about First contacts at Kurnell.
- Welcome and introductions, acknowledgement and safety talk
- Presentation of preserved animals and demonstration of Aboriginal culture and artefacts.
- Morning tea
- Bush tucker walk
- Explore the past along Monument/Burrawang track
- Museum visit – eight days in Botany Bay
- Farewell and depart
Getting there and parking
Follow Captain Cook Drive towards Kurnell. At the T-intersection, turn left and take the next right onto Cape Solander Drive. Kurnell Visitor Centre is on the left, a short way after entering the park.
- Sealed roads
- 2WD vehicles
- All weather
Parking is available at Kurnell Visitor Centre, including several designated disabled parking spots.
What to bring
Please wear fully enclosed shoes and bring a hat, sunscreen, wet weather gear, and lunch which should be low waste with a refillable water bottle. Students should bring gear in a backpack or similar (not plastic bags).
Maps and downloads
Risk assessment and risk benefits
Our rangers and guides have the technical skill and experience to assess the risks and the benefits of a variety of activities delivered as part of our learning programs.
We believe in including opportunities that allow students to learn and experience for themselves through exploration in the natural environment.
Please make your own risk assessment based on the information provided. Detailed potential risks and controls are provided for the site to assist teachers in risk management planning. Teachers and carers should be aware of, and consider the needs, abilities and medical conditions of students when visiting this site. The supervision of students remains the responsibility of the teacher. The school must ensure an adequate number of adult supervisors are present.
Disability access level - easy
Wheelchair accessible car park, picnic area, displays and toilets. If you have someone with special needs, please let us know in advance so that we can plan accordingly.