Burning Mountain Nature Reserve

Overview

Home to Australia’s only naturally burning coal seam, Burning Mountain Nature Reserve is great for school excursions and is packed with day walks, scenic views, birdwatching and picnicking opportunities.

Read more about Burning Mountain Nature Reserve

Sometimes, the quiet corners of a state hold the biggest surprises. Burning Mountain Nature Reserve is tucked away off New England Highway, but make the stop in your car and what you’ll discover is an ancient phenomenon right beneath your feet.

To traditional Aboriginal owners, it’s the fiery tears of a woman long since turned to stone by Biami, the sky god. Early explorers assumed Burning Mountain's billowing smoke and peak of grey, smouldering ash was an active volcano. It’s actually a combusting coal seam, that’s been smouldering under the surface of the earth for an estimated 5,500 years. The main attraction isn’t all though; it’s also the perfect place for a day walk, with scenic views across the valley.

A popular pit stop with travellers, Burning Mountain Nature Reserve is a great place to pause for a break and soak up the unusual geological conditions. In fact, there’s nothing else quite like it in Australia. Bring binoculars for birdwatching, a water bottle, and sturdy shoes for a walk into the heart of the action. There’s even an information rotunda, ensuring you get the most out of your visit to this special place.

Current alerts in this area

There are no current alerts in this area.

Local alerts

For the latest updates on fires, closures and other alerts in this area, see https://www.nationalparks.nsw.gov.au/visit-a-park/parks/burning-mountain-nature-reserve/local-alerts

Contact

See more visitor info

Visitor info

All the practical information you need to know about Burning Mountain Nature Reserve.

Getting there and parking

Get driving directions

Get directions

    From Scone:

    • Follow New England Highway towards Tamworth
    • Burning Mountain Nature Reserve is 20km north of Scone, on the right-hand side of the highway.

    Park entry points

    Road quality

    • Sealed roads

    Vehicle access

    • 2WD vehicles

    Weather restrictions

    • All weather

    By bike

    Check out the Bicycle information for NSW website for more information.

    By public transport

    There is no public transport available to Burning Mountain Nature Reserve.

    Best times to visit

    There are lots of great things waiting for you in Burning Mountain Nature Reserve. Here are some of the highlights.

    Autumn

    Hike Burning Mountain walk and get up close to the remarkable geological event happening right beneath your feet.

    Spring

    Take the kids and a picnic and keep an eye out for eastern grey kangaroos, wallaroos and echidnas that share the area with copper-tailed skinks and other reptiles.

    Weather, temperature and rainfall

    Summer temperature

    Average

    14°C and 30.1°C

    Highest recorded

    40.6°C

    Winter temperature

    Average

    2.6°C and 15.9°C

    Lowest recorded

    -6.5°C

    Rainfall

    Wettest month

    January

    Driest month

    April

    The area’s highest recorded rainfall in one day

    227.3mm

    Maps and downloads

    Safety messages

    However you discover NSW national parks and reserves, we want you to have a safe and enjoyable experience. Our park and reserve systems contrast greatly so you need to be aware of the risks and take responsibility for your own safety and the safety of those in your care.

    Mobile safety

    Dial Triple Zero (000) in an emergency. Download the Emergency + app before you visit, it helps emergency services locate you using your smartphone's GPS. Please note there is limited mobile phone reception in this park and you’ll need mobile reception to call Triple Zero (000).

    Prohibited

    Pets

    Pets and domestic animals (other than certified assistance animals) are not permitted. Find out which regional parks allow dog walking and see the OEH pets in parks policy for more information.

    Smoking

    NSW national parks are no smoking areas.

    Nearby towns

    Murrurundi (17 km)

    Murrurundi has remained faithful to its pastoral roots and enjoys a fine legacy of historic houses and public buildings. In fact, the National Trust has declared the main street of Murrurundi an Urban Con servation Area. Today, you can explore the history of Murrurundi on a heritage walk that takes in churches, hotels and the original telegraph office.

    www.visitnsw.com

    Scone (24 km)

    Nestled in the picturesque Upper Hunter, Scone is known as the horse capital of Australia.

    www.visitnsw.com

    Muswellbrook (49 km)

    Muswellbrook is a vibrant country town surrounded by vineyards and horse studs. It straddles the Hunter River in the fertile wine-growing region of the Upper Hunter. Enjoy the local produce while you take in the natural beauty of the surrounding wilderness.

    www.visitnsw.com

    Learn more

    Burning Mountain Nature Reserve is a special place. Here are just some of the reasons why:

    Aboriginal legend

    Burning Mountain Nature Reserve. Photo: OEH

    Traditionally, Burning Mountain was part of a vast territory owned by the Wanaruah people, which stretched from Broke to the Liverpool Range. Wanaruah mythology, passed through generations, tells the story of Burning Mountain like this: one day, the Gumaroi people, north of the Liverpool Range, sent a raiding party south to steal Wanaruah women. The Wiradjuri people to the west warned the Wanaruah, who sent their best warriors out for a great battle. One of the Wanaruah wives decided to wait for her husband to return, settling down near the Liverpool Range. When he didn’t come back, she was devastated. Crying, she asked Biami, the sky god, to take her life. Instead, he turned her into stone, and as she did so, her tears became fire and set the mountain alight for all eternity.

    An unusual geological event

    Burning Mountain Nature Reserve. Photo: OEH

    The scientific explanation for Burning Mountain is a slowly combusting coal seam. At the moment, the exact location of the fire is a mystery, though we know it’s about 30m below the ground and heading south – meaning Burning Mountain actually moves at about 1m a year. It’s estimated the fire has been burning for as much as 5,500 years, and as it eats through the coal, rocks slip into the gap, causing fissures and slumping at the surface level. Be sure to wear sturdy footwear and stay on the formed track. Not only that, but watch out for fossils, too: 200 million years ago, this entire area was covered by ocean.

    The colonial story

    Burning Mountain Nature Reserve. Photo: OEH

    The Liverpool Range was always a difficult barrier to the sweeping plains beyond, which colonial settlers coveted for their potential as rich grazing land. Throughout the 1800s, many explorers tried different routes across the area, from ‘Pandora’s Pass’, first crossed by Allan Cunningham in 1823, to the Hanging Rock area, first crossed by Henry Dangar. As you visit the reserve and follow Burning Mountain walk, imagine tackling the landscape without the contemporary luxuries of cars and highways.

    Education resources (1)

    School excursions (1)

    What we're doing

    Burning Mountain Nature Reserve has management strategies in place to protect and conserve the values of this park. Visit the OEH website for detailed park and fire management documents.

    Burning Mountain walk, Burning Mountain Nature Reserve. Photo: R Wilcher/NSW Government