Nilla Yannagalang Billana

Willandra National Park

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Overview

The Nilla Yannagalang Billana is an easy walking track that follows Willandra Creek and passes sites of great historical and cultural significance.

Where
Willandra National Park
Distance
3.7km one-way
Time suggested
1hr 30min - 2hrs 30min
Grade
Grade 3
Price
Free
Entry fees
Park entry fees apply
What to
bring
Sunscreen, hat

In Wiradjuri, Nilla Yannagalang Billana means “walking along together”. The track follows the course of the Willandra Creek and can be accessed from the homestead precinct or, if you’re camping, the Willandra Billabong weir.

It’s an easy walk through black box woodland interspersed with openings of black bluebush shrubland. Keep your eyes peeled for woodland wildlife. If there’s water in the creek, expect to see waterbirds such as egrets, herons, spoonbills, cormorants and ducks.

The track takes you past historic pastoral infrastructure once relied upon by the homestead, such as the weir and Buttabong Bridge. This bridge was the creek crossing to the railway siding at Wee Elwah from where people travelled on to Sydney. At the old tip site are the rusting remains of a steam-powered engine.

For directions, safety and practical information, see visitor info

Current alerts in this area

There are no current alerts in this area.

Local alerts

For the latest updates on fires, closures and other alerts in this area, see https://www.nationalparks.nsw.gov.au/things-to-do/walking-tracks/nilla-yannagalang-billana/local-alerts

General enquiries

Park info

See more visitor info

Visitor info

All the practical information you need to know about Nilla Yannagalang Billana.

Track grading

Grade 3

Learn more about the grading system Features of this track
  • Time

    1hr 30min - 2hrs 30min

  • Quality of markings

    Sign posted

  • Gradient

    Flat

  • Distance

    3.7km one-way

  • Steps

    Occasional steps

  • Quality of path

    Formed track, some obstacles

  • Experience required

    Some bushwalking experience recommended

Getting there and parking

The Nilla Yannagalang Billana walking track starts at the homestead precinct of Willandra National Park. To get there, go to the northwest corner of the Willandra Homestead grounds where the track begins. If camping, you can join the track by walking to the Willandra Billabong weir and then following the track along the creek.

Parking

Parking is available at the homestead precinct of Willandra National Park.

Best times to visit

There are lots of great things waiting for you in Willandra National Park. Here are some of the highlights.

Autumn

Like spring, this season is also a time of mild weather.

Spring

Spring brings mild weather and fantastic birdwatching opportunities, as well as being the best time for wildflower displays. Drive, cycle or walk the scenic Merton trail or follow the Nilla Yannagalang Billana walking trail to make the most of what's on offer at this time of year.

Weather, temperature and rainfall

Summer temperature

Average

17°C and 32°C

Highest recorded

46°C

Winter temperature

Average

7°C and 16°C

Lowest recorded

-4.4°C

Rainfall

Wettest month

October

Driest month

February

The area’s highest recorded rainfall in one day

119.6mm

Maps and downloads

Safety messages

Bushwalking safety

If you're keen to head out on a longer walk or a backpack camp, always be prepared. Read these bushwalking safety tips before you set off on a walking adventure in national parks.

Mobile safety

Dial Triple Zero (000) in an emergency. Download the Emergency + app before you visit, it helps emergency services locate you using your smartphone's GPS. Please note there is limited mobile phone reception in this park and you’ll need mobile reception to call Triple Zero (000).

Outback safety

Safety is of high priority in outback areas. In summer, temperatures can reach up to 50°C in some places. Food, water and fuel supplies can be scarce. Before you head off, check for road closures and use our contacts to stay safe in the outback.

Prohibited

NSW national parks are no smoking areas.

Pets

Pets and domestic animals (other than certified assistance animals) are not permitted. Find out which regional parks allow dog walking and see the pets in parks policy for more information.

Pets and domestic animals (other than certified assistance animals) are not permitted in this park. Find out more about pets in parks.

Smoking

NSW national parks are no smoking areas.

Nearby towns

Hay (44 km)

This exciting and innovative exhibition space uses contemporary design and cutting edge technology to tell the story of Australian sheep shearing. You'll meet the shearers, shed hands, cooks, classers, cockies, sheep and dogs behind the legends at this sparkling gallery-museum in Hay.

www.visitnsw.com

Hillston (13 km)

Make a detour to nearby Merriwagga to visit the Memorial to Pioneer Women, a sculpture by Ron Clarke that commemorates the tragic death of Barbara Blain, the wife of a bullock driver in 1886; the monument recognises the hardships and contributions of all pioneer women in the district.

www.visitnsw.com

Lake Cargelligo (32 km)

Lake Cargelligo is a haven for birdwatchers and nature lovers. Among the protected species you'll find there are the Australian pelican, the black swan, the great crested grebe, the rare bower bird and the black cockatoo. You can hire binoculars and a field guide from the Visitor Information Centre.

www.visitnsw.com

Learn more

Nilla Yannagalang Billana is in Willandra National Park. Here are just some of the reasons why this park is special:

A closer look at Aboriginal culture

Merton trail, Willandra National Park. Photo: David Egan

Evidence of Aboriginal people's lives on this land can best be seen on the scalds near Halls Lake, near the Merton trail, where erosion has exposed a number of objects. Take a look at (but please don't touch) the remains of oven hearths, broken pieces of grinding dishes and stone flakes. Nilla Yannagalang Billana, the only formal walking track in the park, means 'walking along together' in Wiradjuri.

  • Merton motor trail Whether you’re driving or cycling, the Merton motor trail at Willandra National Park is the perfect way to experience the park’s various wildlife habitats and historic past.

Plain to see

Dry creek, Willandra National Park. Photo: John Spencer

Windmill, cane, spear and white top - the names of Australian native grasses really have evolved to become far more fun than their original Latin terms. These grasses now make up most of the ground cover on the park's plains. Saltbush and cottonbush dominated - and still does - but Europeans quickly recognised the nutritional value of these plants and a century of grazing has changed the environment. A hike through the wetlands, woodlands and grasslands of the park, rich with birds and animals, is a reminder of how nature continues to adapt.

  • Nilla Yannagalang Billana The Nilla Yannagalang Billana is an easy walking track that follows Willandra Creek and passes sites of great historical and cultural significance.

The ringer looks around

Shearers Quarters, Willandra National Park. Photo: John Spencer

Big Willandra Station once stretched from Hillston to Mossgiel and covered an area eight times that of what is now Willandra National Park. Some buildings from the huge merino stud are in ruins, while others have been restored. In its time, Big Willandra saw it all: illegal squatting, leasehold, freehold, homesteading, the establishment of the Western Lands Commission, resumptions and soldier settler occupation. Today, you can enjoy cheap heritage accommodation, ideal for a weekend family or group getaway.

  • Merton motor trail Whether you’re driving or cycling, the Merton motor trail at Willandra National Park is the perfect way to experience the park’s various wildlife habitats and historic past.
  • Nilla Yannagalang Billana The Nilla Yannagalang Billana is an easy walking track that follows Willandra Creek and passes sites of great historical and cultural significance.
  • Willandra Homestead Visit Willandra Homestead, the lovingly restored pastoral station of Big Willandra. Step back in time, enjoy a barbecue and watch waterbirds on Willandra Creek.
  • Willandra shearing precinct Explore the rustic and distinctive woolshed and shearers’ quarters of the Willandra Shearing precinct to experience the fascinating working history of Big Willandra.

What bird is that?

Galah (Eolophus roseicapilla), Willandra National Park. Photo: John Spencer

Could there really be 195 species of birdlife within an area of less than 20,000ha? The diversity of Willandra's natural environment — from woodland and wetland to grassland and open plain — provides a variety of habitats. The result is an eclectic mix that includes emu, swan, seagull, night heron, raptor and duck. Set yourself the challenge to see how many different birds you can spot during your visit.

  • Nilla Yannagalang Billana The Nilla Yannagalang Billana is an easy walking track that follows Willandra Creek and passes sites of great historical and cultural significance.

Education resources (1)

Nilla Billana Yinnagalang Walking Track, Willandra National Park. Photo: David Egan