Ngiyampaa walking track

Mount Grenfell Historic Site

Open, check current alerts 


Ngiyampaa is a moderately challenging walk to Choy trig station at the summit of Mount Grenfell. Enjoy the scenic view from the rocky lookout point at the top.

4km loop
Time suggested
1hr 30min - 2hrs 30min
Grade 4
What to
Hat, sunscreen, drinking water

It’s worth the extra effort to hike along the range to the summit of Mount Grenfell, where you’ll find Choy trig station on Ngiyampaa walking track. There are expansive scenic views from the top across this otherwise flat landscape, and along the way are opportunities to see unusual rock formations and mallee trees. Enjoy a picnic lunch at a rocky lookout point at the top. The vast, arid country you can see out there is the traditional land of Ngiyampaa Wangaaypuwan people, who have a long and enduring relationship with this place.

While you're walking, keep an eye out for red and grey kangaroos. Emus still pace the land like prehistoric sentinels and you'll see them recorded in the rock art on the way to this track. When the weather’s warmer, geckos, snakes, shinglebacks and bearded dragons will emerge to soak up the sun. Keep your binoculars handy for birdwatching.

For directions, safety and practical information, see visitor info


Map legend

Map legend

Current alerts in this area

There are no current alerts in this area.

Local alerts

For the latest updates on fires, closures and other alerts in this area, see

General enquiries

Park info

See more visitor info

Visitor info

All the practical information you need to know about Ngiyampaa walking track.

Track grading

Features of this track


4km loop


1hr 30min - 2hrs 30min

Quality of markings

Limited signage

Experience required

Some bushwalking experience recommended


Short steep hills


Occasional steps

Quality of path

Rough track, many obstacles

Getting there and parking

On entering Mount Grenfell Historic Site:

  • From the picnic area, walk past the locked gate and continue up the road towards the hill.
  • Look for a green sign showing the way to the walking track
  • Follow the stone path to the art sites
  • At art site 3, there is a sign directing you along Ngiyampaa walking track.

Road quality

Check the weather before you set out as the road to Ngiyampaa walking track can become boggy when it rains.


Parking is available at Ngiyambaa walking track, including several designated disabled spots. Bus parking is also available.

Best times to visit

There are lots of great things waiting for you in Mount Grenfell Historic Site. Here are some of the highlights.


White mallee flowers are blooming and birdwatching is at its best during this season.


This is ideal weather for hiking Ngiyambaa walking track.

Weather, temperature and rainfall

Summer temperature


20°C and 33°C

Highest recorded


Winter temperature


5.5°C and 16.5°C

Lowest recorded



Wettest month


Driest month


The area’s highest recorded rainfall in one day



Drinking water is not available in this area, so it’s a good idea to bring your own.

Maps and downloads

Safety messages

Bushwalking safety

If you're keen to head out on a longer walk or a backpack camp, always be prepared. Read these bushwalking safety tips before you set off on a walking adventure in national parks.

If you’re bushwalking in this park, it’s a good idea to bring a topographic map and compass, or a GPS.

Mobile safety

Dial Triple Zero (000) in an emergency. Download the Emergency Plus app before you visit, it helps emergency services locate you using your smartphone's GPS. Please note there is limited mobile phone reception in this park and you’ll need mobile reception to call Triple Zero (000).

Outback safety

Safety is of high priority in outback areas. In summer, temperatures can reach up to 50°C in some places. Food, water and fuel supplies can be scarce. Before you head off, check for road closures and use our contacts to stay safe in the outback.



Pets and domestic animals (other than certified assistance animals) are not permitted. Find out which regional parks allow dog walking and see the pets in parks policy for more information.


NSW national parks are no smoking areas.

Learn more

Ngiyampaa walking track is in Mount Grenfell Historic Site. Here are just some of the reasons why this park is special:

Living off the land

Mutawintji National Park. Photo: John Spencer

Emus and kangaroos inhabit Mount Grenfell and, on warmer days, you’re likely to see bearded dragons, shinglebacks and geckos. Keep a careful eye out too for endangered kultarr (also known as jerboa pouched-mouse, wuhl-wuhl or pitchi-pitchi), which can best be described as a mouse that hops. While you’re looking down for a pitchi-pitchi, you may also see a red-capped robin rifling through the leaf litter. This bird is often part of a mixed species feeding flock with other similarly sized birds such as thornbills, which also inhabit the park.

Making a scene

Mount Grenfell Historic Site. Photo: Rosie Nicolai

At Mount Grenfell, art featuring all facets of Aboriginal life covers rocky overhangs surrounding the park’s waterhole. Many are linear paintings done by applying wet pigment with a fingertip or natural brush. Others are hand stencils. In some places, ochre and white pipeclay have been applied thickly and left to dry. More recent paintings have been superimposed over older ones. There are stick figures, human figures, images of birds and animals, medicine, food, the landscape and dreaming stories. This art remains deeply significant to Ngiyampaa people.

Ngiyampaa: Past, present and future

Ngiyambaa walking track, Mount Grenfell Historic Site. Photo: J Hore

The Ngiyampaa (pronounced nee-yam-par) are dryland people associated with the arid plains and rocky hill country of Central West NSW bordered roughly by Lachlan, Darling-Barwon and Bogan Rivers. The semi-permanent waterhole at Mount Grenfell was an important meeting place for generation after generation of this Aboriginal group. Following European settlement, however, Ngiyampaa people were moved to stations northwest of Wiradjuri country and in the 1930s, many were relocated again to Murrin Bridge near Lake Cargelligo. On 17 July 2004, Mount Grenfell was handed back to traditional owners and is now jointly managed with NSW NPWS. Ngiyampaa people maintain strong connections with this area and continue to pass on cultural knowledge.

Education resources (1)