Bargo State Conservation Area

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Bargo State Conservation Area is a great place in NSW Southern Highlands for birdwatching, hiking, and swimming at Little River or Moore Creek.

Read more about Bargo State Conservation Area

Just off Hume Highway, there’s an oasis in Bargo State Conservation Area. It’s the perfect place for you to go walking, hiking, or birdwatching. And, when the temperature gets high, you can even cool off from all that activity with a swim in the refreshing natural pools at either Little River or Moore Creek.

Bargo is the traditional land of Dharawal People, and a number of significant Aboriginal sites still exist there today. When Europeans sought inland grazing areas west of Sydney from around 1800, the land was overlooked for being too barren. Apart from a handful of inns and bushranger hideouts, Bargo Brush remained unsettled for many decades and still remains relatively untouched.

Bargo even includes some pockets of warm-temperate rainforest to venture through that are filled with eucalypts and acacias as well as seasonal wildflowers like banskia and geebung, providing great opportunities for some scenic walking or hiking and birdwatching.

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Local alerts

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See more visitor info

Visitor info

All the practical information you need to know about Bargo State Conservation Area.


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Getting there and parking

From Buxton:

  • Head southwest on West Parade, which becomes Wilson Drive.
  • Travel approximately 2.4 from the centre of Buxton, to the track head of Little River trail.
  • To get to the natural swimming pools, walk down 'the steps' trail at the end of Boundary Road in a westerly direction for 500m.

By bike

Check out the Bicycle information for NSW website for more information. Please note that bikes are generally left outside this gated reserve.

Cycling is permitted in the area on a restricted basis through application to Nattai Area Office, Bents Basin, and the issue of a gate key. Contact the Nattai Area Office for more information.

By public transport

Bargo State Conservation Area is accessible by train to Bargo on the Southern Highlands line, then by bus or on foot.

For information about public transport options, visit the NSW transport info website.

Best times to visit

There are lots of great things waiting for you in Bargo State Conservation Area. Here are some of the highlights.


Take advantage of the milder weather and enjoy some scenic hiking.


This season is ideal for bushwalking, swimming and birdwatching.


You can skip the hike on very hot days and go swimming in the pools along the creeks and river instead.

Weather, temperature and rainfall

Summer temperature


12.2°C and 24.7°C

Highest recorded


Winter temperature


2.6°C and 12°C

Lowest recorded



Wettest month


Driest month


The area’s highest recorded rainfall in one day


Maps and downloads

Safety messages

However you discover NSW national parks and reserves, we want you to have a safe and enjoyable experience. Our park and reserve systems contrast greatly so you need to be aware of the risks and take responsibility for your own safety and the safety of those in your care.

Mobile safety

Dial Triple Zero (000) in an emergency. Download the Emergency Plus app before you visit, it helps emergency services locate you using your smartphone's GPS. Please note there is limited mobile phone reception in this park and you’ll need mobile reception to call Triple Zero (000).



Pets and domestic animals (other than certified assistance animals) are not permitted. Find out which regional parks allow dog walking and see the pets in parks policy for more information.


NSW national parks are no smoking areas.

Nearby towns

Mittagong (22 km)

Mittagong has a fine collection of sandstone buildings dating from the early years of European settlement in the mid-19th century. Stroll along Main and Victoria streets to see fine country homes, delightful gardens and specialty shops.

Picton (30 km)

Discover Picton's fine heritage architecture on a self-guided walking tour or visit historic Tahmoor House (limited open days). Enjoy a traditionally-brewed beer at George 4th Inn, opened in 1839 for travellers along the Great South Road.

Campbelltown (66 km)

For nature lovers, the Macarthur region has plenty of natural attractions. Explore nature reserves and wildlife trails or see spectacular native flora and fauna at the Australian Botanic Garden Mount Annan, the largest botanic garden in Australia.

Learn more

Bargo State Conservation Area is a special place. Here are just some of the reasons why:


Little River trail, Bargo State Conservation Area. Photo: Nick Cubbin

Enjoy the company of native Australian animals in this reserve, such as eastern grey kangaroos, koalas and platypus. There are also vulnerable tiger quolls and long-nosed potoroos cohabiting with 19 reptile species and nine frog species. The majority of the Bargo local wildlife can be easily spotted early morning or late afternoon. Bargo is also ideal for birdwatching, as there are over 160 species of birds which have been found to nest or feed in the area, including glossy black cockatoos.

Green communities

Little River trail, Bargo State Conservation Area. Photo: Nick Cubbin

Bargo is dominated by dry sclerophyll forest that is typical to NSW, but the reserve also houses pockets of warm-temperate rainforest. Eleven rare plant species grow within these rainforest areas, including hairy and Mittagong geebung, narrow-leaved mallee ash eucalyptus and native cranberry. Given the more barren nature of the soil in this area, it stands to reason that warm-temperate rainforest replaces subtropical rainforest on poorer soils at higher altitudes in NSW.

Bargo Brush

Views across the valley, Bargo State Conservation Area. Photo: Nick Cubbin

In about 1798, Europeans discovered the Bargo area. Attempts were made to settle the land and run cattle. However, nobody who was granted land outside the colony of Sydney chose to take up the grant in Bargo. The land was considered of poor quality for grazing and people settled further south. Bargo became a feared place and dangerous to travel through. The road built to pass through 'Bargo Brush' became hazardous; the forest, and its thick understorey, was a great place for bushrangers to hide. In 1863, even the established railway line at Picton bypassed Bargo.

Aboriginal connection

Little River trail, Bargo State Conservation Area. Photo: Nick Cubbin

The Bargo reserve system falls within the area of Dharawal Land Council. Dharawal People lived mainly on fruits, vegetables, fish and shellfish. The women collected plant foods and were known for their excellent canoeing and fishing skills. Men speared fish and hunted land mammals. The reserve contains numerous reminders of these activities, with Aboriginal sites including axe grinding grooves, wells, engravings and surface artefact sites.

Education resources (1)

What we're doing

Bargo State Conservation Area has management strategies in place to protect and conserve the values of this park. Visit the OEH website for detailed park and fire management documents.